May 2, 2008

Islamic Mysticism and Poetry of Rumi-Thurs. Jan. 10th Notes

Posted in Islam, Islamic Mysticism and Poetry of Rumi, Knowledge, Sufism at 7:35 pm by faith786

The Human:

  1. “Creation Story”
  2. Types of the Nafs

3 conscious beings: Humans Angels Jinns physical composition: clay+soul light smokeless fire

Free will: mostly free will none semi-free will

Greatness: Knowledge obedience similar to humans,

and repentence but humans are greater b/c more free will

  1. Creation Story
  • God announces a deputy (Khalifah) for the Earth, which is Adam and mankind
  • He asked the angels to prostrate, but Iblis refused to (he is not a jinn, and that cannot be derived from the Arabic syntax)

Actually, let me try putting up the chart:

Adam Iblis

-went to the tree -did not prostrate to Adam

-sign of arrogance/hubris

-Repented (granted) -God commands him to hell-Iblis asks for a delay (granted)

-Iblis says he’ll try to take mankind with him (restrictions)

Both are then sent to this world.

Lessons from the story:

  • You will sin, but turn back to Allah and ask forgiveness (be humble)
  • Arrogance is considered one of the worst qualities (NOTE: Adam asked redemption; Iblis asked for a DELAY to hell, not salvation)

Human Nature:

  • The self seeking to be in serenity
  • Guardian self (consciousness-good and evil)
  • Commanding self (appetites)

Their extremes (respectively):

  • Become too relaxed, lazy, and passive
  • Become judgmental, rigid and narrow-minded (i.e. stereotyped religious figures)
  • lack of self control, gluttony, and hedonistic

So ideally, you want to listen to them all in balance and harmony. =)

The Quran (and what Muslims believe the Quran is):

  • God’s words
  • Revealed to Prophet Muhammad by Angel Jibrael (Gabriel)
  • Preserved word for word
  • Cannot be imitated
  • Essential meanings have been preserved–> One God, Day of Judgment, etc. etc.
  • Purpose the Quran: To be a book of guidance to find the straight path to Allah.

[I don’t know how to wordpress, so I don’t know how I am going to draw the diagram in my notebook, I might explain it]

Allah<— (Quran and Prophet Muhammad)<—(Quran and Hadith)<— ( Shariah and Tariqah)

So the path to Allah can be achieved by understanding and following the Quran and Prophet Muhammad is the Quran put in practice, so he is also a reference.

That works for the sahabis who can speak to the prophet. After his time, people had hadith and the Quran.

In today’s time, there are two major categories that branch out from the hadith and Quran: Shariah and Tariqah.

Shariah refers to Islamic law (Shariah=”valid”), which there are scholars and ulema. They keep stability in society.

Tariqah (Tazikyah, Tassawuf, Sufism) refers to the purification of the heart and soul, which are the sufis and spiritual guides. They bring about change in society.

You cannot have full knowledge of shariah without knowledge of tariqah and you cannot have knowledge of tariqah without full knowledge of the shariah. You can’t have one without the other. Sufism must be within boundaries of the shariah.

That concludes day II of notes. Watch me start getting lazy about it….


1 Comment »

  1. yourvoices said,

    […] Islamic Mysticism and Poetry of Rumi-Thurs. Jan. 10th Notes […]

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